In polyvinyl chloride IV solution bags, the agent has been reported to exhibit p H-dependent sorption of the plastic.
Ora-Plus is an oral suspending vehicle that accepts dilution of up to 50% or more with water, flavoring agents, or syrups and still retains its suspending properties.
Lidocaine HCl is highly soluble in water (1:0.7) and in alcohol (1:1.5).
A 0.5% aqueous solution has a p H in the range of 4.0 to 5.5, and the injection has a p H ranging from 5.0 to 7.0.
extemporaneous compounding - Extemporaneous compounding can be defined as the preparation, mixing, assembling, packaging, and labeling of a drug product based on a prescription from a licensed practitioner for the individual patient in a form that the drug is not readily available in (extemporaneous = impromptu, compounding = the act of combining things).
United States Pharmacopeia (USP) - The United States Pharmacopeia (USP) is the official pharmacopeia of the United States, published dually with the National Formulary as the USP-NF.
Approximately 1.16 g of lidocaine HCl is equivalent to 1 g of lidocaine.
Lidocaine HCl is reported to be incompatible in solution with amphotericin, sulfadiazine sodium, methohexitone sodium, cefazolin, and phenytoin sodium.
It is available as extended-release oral capsules and tablets, solution, tablets, suppositories, and injection.
It contains purified water, microcrystalline cellulose, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, xanthan gum, carrageenan, sodium phosphate, and citric acid as buffering agents, simethicone as an antifoaming agent, and potassium sorbate and methylparaben as preservatives.
Ora-Sweet syrup vehicle is a flavoring vehicle for oral extemporaneous preparations.
USP Chapter 797 describes the procedures and requirements for compounding sterile preparations and sets the standards that apply to all settings in which sterile preparations are compounded.
USP 1075 - USP Chapter 1075, Good Compounding Practices, is intended to provide guidelines on applying best practices in compounding, both sterile and nonsterile.
Calculate the quantity of each ingredient for the amount to be prepared. Dissolve the morphine sulfate in the purified water. Add 40 m L of Ora-Plus, followed by sufficient Ora-Sweet to final volume, and mix well. Quality-control assessment can include weight/volume, p H, specific gravity, active drug assay, color, rheologic properties/pourability, physical observation, and physical stability (discoloration, foreign materials, gas formation, mold growth).